1905 and 1917 Russian Revolutions

The focus of this essay is the comparison of the Russian Revolutions of 1905 and 1917 using a Most Similar Systems Design.  I will discuss the Tsarist government, the Bolshevik revolutionary organization, and the Russian army-secret police in both 1905 and 1917.  In all three key components of the revolutions: the tsarist government, the Bolshevik revolutionaries, and the army-secret police,

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Serfdoms Effect on Industrialization

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Serfdom is the bonding of peasants, agricultural workers, to the land, which they cultivate.  Serfdom was established in Seventeenth Century Russia to allow the Tsar (Emperor) to compensate the nobility for military service, when the government did not have other means to pay for such service.  While serfdom was a political solution to an economic problem, the solution inhibited industrialization

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Western Education and the Decembrist

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The revolutionary activities engulfing North America and Western Europe in the late Eighteenth Century arrived in the Nineteenth Century Russian Empire in the form of the failed Decembrist Revolt of 1825.  From this moment until the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917, revolutionary activities would be carried on by secret societies dedicated to the replacement of the autocracy by a constitutional government. 

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Imperial Policy in Ukraine

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In A History of Ukraine, historian Paul Robert Magosci depicts Russian imperial policy in Ukraine as a continuous march to Russian subjugation over Ukrainian territory.  Magosci posits that Peter I began the policy of subjugation and Catherine II realized it.  However, an analysis of the reigns of the dominant Russian monarchs of the Eighteenth-Century, Peter I and Catherine II, illustrates

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Ukraine in Austrian and Russian Empires

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Ukrainians lived in two separate empires and were subject to two different administrations during the Nineteenth Century.  These separate administrations caused a budding national movement to take shape in significantly different ways due to the different levels of freedom and development each empire allowed the Ukrainians. Russia refused to recognize Ukrainians as being a separate nationality or minority, while Austria

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Politics of Mikhail, Prince of Chernigov

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The last Grand Prince of Kiev, Mikhail Vsevelodovich, a senior prince in the Ol’govichi family tried to unite Southern and Norther Rus.  The Ol’govichi withdrew from the succession to the Kievan throne during the time of Vladimir Monomakh, when they were given Chernigov as their eternal principality.  However, Mikhail’s grandfather and father usurped the throne in the late Twelfth- and

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